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  • Sectors & commodity chains (1096)
    • Agriculture (311)
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To illustrate our broad expertise, covering many different economic sectors, commodities, sustainability themes and countries, this page gives an overview of the different projects executed by Profundo over the years. In the menu, you can filter the projects by thematic area. Each project is described briefly and where available the project portfolio - such as reports, brochures or presentations - is provided. Attention is also given to the exposure generated by the project in the media, in politics and elsewhere.


We analyse the financial parameters of companies and assess how companies and their financiers could be affected in different scenarios by Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) risks related to deforestation, climate change emissions, human rights abuses, resource depletion, health impacts and other sustainability issues.
We analyse the various human rights and other sustainability risks in international commodity supply chains and identify what different stakeholders can do to foster sustainable development of value chains in agriculture, forestry, livestock, energy, fisheries and mineral sectors.
We analyse how companies are financed by banks, shareholders and others financiers, to assess what financiers could do to foster sustainable corporate practices. Also, we dig into ownership structures and the schemes companies have set up to minimise tax payments.
We assess and benchmark responsible investment and credit policies of banks and investors and we advise on how policies can be improved and implemented through screening, voting, engagement and exclusion strategies.

November 2020

November 17, 2020
Monitoring the Sustainability Status of the Dutch Coffee Sector: Tracking Progress Beyond Certification
Commissioned by the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), this research assesses options for a more comprehensive monitoring of the Dutch coffee sustainability status. The previous approach of measuring progress based on the market share of certified coffee is perceived as not adequately accounting for the increasingly diversified sustainability strategies chosen by sector actors. The report identifies options for and barriers to a broadened approach to monitoring progress and impacts.
November 12, 2020
A Just Energy Transition for Africa - Mapping the impacts of ECAs active in the energy sector in Ghana, Nigeria, Togo and Uganda
This report examines, from the perspective of communities in African countries affected by energy projects supported by export credit insurance, the best way to limit global warming to 1.5° Celsius on the one hand and to promote access to energy in these countries on the other. In addition, it analyses the question of what the role of public financial institutions such as export credit insurers could be in promoting a green energy future in countries in Africa.
November 5, 2020
The dark side of Neste's biofuel production
This study, commissioned by Milieudefensie (Friends of the Earth Netherlands), investigates the unsustainable practices linked to Neste's palm oil supply chain. Neste is the world's largest producer biofuel biodiesel and jet biofuel, while stressing its commitment to sustainability. The study finds that companies in its supply chain can be connected to at least 10,000 ha of deforestation, an area the size of Paris, in the period from January 2019 to June 2020, and around 13,000 fire alerts in 2019.
November 12, 2020
2020 Global Coal Exit List
Profundo has provided data to Urgewald for the 2020 Global Coal Exit List.
November 9, 2020
The EIB’s Economic Resilience Initiative: A portfolio and thematic analysis
Profundo has been commissioned by Counter Balance to evaluate the Economic Resilience Initiative (ERI) of the European Investment Bank (EIB), a series of financing projects carried out since 2016 under the European Union’s External Lending Mandate (ELM) in the Southern Neighbourhood and Western Balkans regions, with the stated objective of supporting the economic resilience of refugees, migrants, host and transit communities and communities of origin as part of the EU’s strategic response to the migration crisis.
November 2, 2020
Financing of Arms Companies – Policies and Practices of Swiss Banks
For the Swiss Bündnis für ein Verbot von Kriegsgeschäften, Profundo has carried out research into the financing of arms companies by three major Swiss banks: Credit Suisse, the Swiss National Bank, and UBS.

October 2020

October 28, 2020
Bankrolling Extinction: The Banking Sector's Role in the Global Biodiversity Crisis
This report is a first attempt to quantify the impact of 50 banks on sectors linked to biodiversity loss and naming the 10 banks providing the most finance. It finds that in 2019, the world’s largest banks invested more than USD 2.6 trillion (c. entire GDP of Canada) in sectors which governments and scientists agree are the primary drivers of biodiversity destruction. None of the banks assessed have chosen to put sufficient systems in place to monitor or measure the impact of their loans on biodiversity, nor do they have comprehensive policies to halt it.
October 27, 2020
Complicity in Destruction III: How Global Corporations Enable Violations of Indigenous Peoples' Rights in The Brazilian Amazon
This new edition of Complicity in Destruction III, published by the Association of Brazil’s Indigenous Peoples (APIB) in partnership with Amazon Watch, reveals how a network of leading international financial institutions is linked to conflicts on Indigenous lands, illegal deforestation, land grabbing, the weakening of environmental protections, and the production and export of conflict commodities.
October 23, 2020
Women’s Rights Violations in Dutch Palm Oil Supply Chains: The Case Of Guatemala
This report was compiled by ActionAid Netherlands and ActionAid Guatemala. It presents documented human rights violations through palm oil production in Guatemala and the links that exist between these violations and the Netherlands through the palm oil value chain and the Port of Rotterdam.
October 1, 2020
Brandbeschleuniger Soja: Handlungsoptionen gegen Entwaldung durch Futtermittelimporte nach Deutschland
For Environmental Action Germany (Deutsche Umwelthilfe), Profundo has investigated the German market for soy from South America. The research highlights the heavy dependence of German intensive animal husbandry on soy imports, and their connection to illegal deforestation of tropical rainforests. The import of soy is therefore a dangerous fire accelerant for the destruction of species-rich habitats and forests such as the Cerrado and the Amazon rainforest. The report provides a set of criteria for comprehensive supply chain due diligence, critically reviews the role of TSD chapters in trade agreements and summarizes key recommendations for effective legislation to achieve deforestation-free commodity supply chains.
October 25, 2020
Who is profiting from Brazilian soy? An analysis of the Dutch soy supply chain
This research analyses the role of Brazilian soy in the overall domestic soy use on the Dutch market, and aims to estimate the revenues and profit generated from it by a selection of key industry stakeholders at different levels of the supply chain – from import and crush to animal feed to livestock product processing and eventually retailing.
October 15, 2020
Fossil Fuel Portfolio of Credit Suisse and UBS
Profundo has carried out financial research for the Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF) on the fossil fuel portfolios of Swiss banks Credit Suisse and UBS.

September 2020

September 15, 2020
Doubling Down on Deforestation: How the Big Three Asset Managers Enable Consumer Goods Companies to Destroy the World’s Forests
This report reveals that the largest U.S. asset managers, BlackRock, State Street and Vanguard – known as the Big Three – have explicitly undermined efforts by consumer brands and agribusiness companies to halt deforestation. The Big Three collectively hold shares worth almost $700 billion in consumer brands with supply chain links to rainforest destruction, and tens of billions more in the agribusiness producers directly responsible for widespread deforestation. All three firms have voted against or abstained from voting on every single shareholder resolution requiring companies to act on deforestation since 2012, and lack clear policies to engage with companies on the issue, which is the second leading cause of climate change.
September 8, 2020
ESG-Analysis Uber Technologies
Profundo has carried out an analysis for Transport & Environment about the ESG risks and opportunities of Uber Technologies’ Ridesharing business unit. The company is confronted with climate, environmental, congestion and labour legislation in the European Union and in other European countries, which could affect the value of investments of financers by a negative USD 31 billion (-44%). Through a shift to Ridesharing with electric vehicles, shareholders could benefit from USD 14 billion value creation (+20%), mainly due to a better reputation value in combination with increased attention from ESG fund managers for investing in Uber shares.
September 9, 2020
The Asian Web: Tracking Regional Financial Flows
This report identifies the financial flows towards four high risk sectors - agriculture, fossil fuels, infrastructure, and power generation - in the Fair Finance Asia countries (Cambodia, India, Japan, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam). The research shows that between 2014 and 2019, financial institutions from Asia, North America, and Europe provided approximately US$556 billion in loans and underwriting services to some of the largest companies active in these high risk sectors in FFA countries.
September 1, 2020
Forests & Finance
Forests and Finance is a website that reveals the role that finance plays in enabling tropical deforestation, which has been expanded to cover Brazil and Central & West Africa, as well as Southeast Asia. The website is a publicly searchable database, functioning as a transparency tool by providing CSOs and journalists a deep insight into financiers that are supporting forest-risk commodity companies. It is a joint initiative of the Forests & Finance Coalition, which includes Rainforest Action Network, Tuk Indonesia, Profundo, Amazon Watch, Repórter Brasil and BankTrack.

Website: Forests & Finance

Report: Forests & Finance: Is Your Money Destroying Rainforests or Violating Rights? (pdf)

Ambiencia: Banco do Brasil é o maior credor de setores que desmatam no país, diz estudo

Askara: Perbankan Dunia dan Kesengajaan Pembakaran Hutan

Associated Press News: Palm oil labor abuses linked to world’s top brands, banks

Banktrack: Global climate groups issue guidance to finance giants on aligning with Paris Agreement goals

Banktrack: Global Witness, BankTrack and 19 other civil society organisations call on UK government not to leave finance out of a proposed new law on deforestation

Berita Sawit: Korporasi dan Bank Negara Dorong Karhutla di Indonesia

Bloomberg Quint: Banks Direct $154 Billion to Firms Responsible for Deforestation

ClimaInfo: Bancos injetaram mais de US$ 150 bilhões em empresas ligadas ao desmatamento desde o Acordo de Paris

Criptonizando: Banco do Brasil é o maior credor de setores que desmatam no país, revela estudo

Eco Business: Banks responsible for continuing deforestation in Southeast Asia

Forests & Finance: Banks Funnelled Over USD 150 Billion Into Companies Driving Deforestation Since Paris Agreement, New Data Analyses Shows

Global Witness: Open letter: Don't leave finance out of a future law on imported deforestation

Green Prophet: Is your bank funding fires in the Amazon?

Greeners: Bank Negara di Balik Karhutla

Hijauku: Bank Kucurkan $154 Miliar untuk Perusahaan Perusak Hutan

Journal de l'environment: Déforestation: les banques mises en cause

Le Soir: Environnement: les banques investissent de plus en plus dans la déforestation

Marianne: BNP Paribas, Crédit agricole, BPCE Group... Des banques françaises financent la déforestation en Amazonie

Mongabay: $154b in capital has gone to 300 forest-risk companies since the Paris Agreement

Mongabay: BlackRock’s $400m stake in Amazon meatpackers defies sustainability cred

Mongabay: How Morgan Stanley is linked to deforestation in the Amazon

MSN: Bancos investem pesado em empresas ligadas a desmate desde Acordo de Paris

Novethic Essentiel: Forests and Finance veut stopper la déforestation en asséchant ses financements

O Eco: Bancos injetaram R$ 235 bilhões em frigoríficos desmatadores desde o Acordo de Paris

O eco: Com R$ 2,2 bi, BlackRock tem bala de prata para frigoríficos que desmatam Amazônia

Portal veg: Frigoríficos receberam R$ 235 bilhões de bancos em quatro anos

Repórter Brasil: BB e BNDES são os bancos que mais financiam setores que desmatam, mostra estudo internacional

Repórter Brasil: Como a Morgan Stanley está ligada ao desmatamento na Amazônia

Revista Planeta: Bancos investem pesado em empresas ligadas a desmate desde Acordo de Paris

RTS: Audio: Les forêts tropicales attirent toujours plus d'investisseurs, dénoncent des ONG

The Business Times: Banks direct US$154b to firms responsible for deforestation

The Jakarta Post: Banks contribute to deforestation, land degradation: Report

Villagerspost: Korporasie dan bank negara ikut bertangung jawab mendorong karhutla di Indonesia

Warta Jakarta: BRI dan BNI Sebagai Penyandang Dana Perusahaan Yang Membakar Hutan dan Lahan di Indonesia

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