Agriculture and food

May 2022

May 3, 2022
Brazilian soy imports to the Netherlands
The Netherlands is the biggest importer of Soy in the EU, 60% of Dutch soy imports are from Brazil, part of it is distributed across the EU. This study also shows that more than 85% is used as animal feed. The report commissioned by Greenpeace gives an overview of data on soy shipments to the Netherlands, destinations of Dutch soy imports from Brazil, estimated land use and the potential deforestation linked to the soy production.

April 2022

April 4, 2022
Coordination supermarkets scorecard
The fourth supermarkets scorecard has launched, which investigates the leading supermarkets’ sustainability policies and practices on human rights in their supply chains, transparency, and accountability. Profundo was responsible for the coordination between the participating countries (NL, UK and Germany) and for quality control of all scores for content, quality and consistency. In addition, we also provided all the documentation behind the research and provided an extensive analysis that was used for the campaign materials.

March 2022

March 8, 2022
The social impact of financial institutions' investments in Asia's agribusinesses
Profundo assessed for Fair Finance Asia (FFA) the policies of 54 Asian financial institutions actively providing credit and underwriting services to agribusinesses. The results show that between January 2016 and December 2020, selected companies received US$22.6 billion in loans and underwriting attributable to their agribusiness activities from financial institutions active worldwide. The largest creditors are from Japan, Singapore and Malaysia. Moreover, the report highlights the weak enforcement or overall lack of policies on gender equality, human rights, labor rights, and transparency and accountability.
March 4, 2022
Mapping the European Soy Supply Chain
This research provides the underlying data to better understand the soy flows on the EU27+UK market, including data on soy production and trade worldwide, as well as detailed data on soy use in the consumption of animal products in 2020.
March 7, 2022
Dutch public investments in agroecology
This report analyses how Dutch policies on foreign affairs, trade development, and other economic topics are promoting or hampering the advent and adoption of agroecology, agro-biodiversity and agroecological approaches and practices. More specifically, how public resources (both ODA as well as non-ODA, including through vehicles like Public Private Partnerships and blended finance constructions) are allocated to support agricultural development projects, and what share of, to what extent, and how, that funding is supportive of transformational agroecological approaches and practices.
March 2, 2022
African Oil Palm Expansion Slows, Reputation Risks Remain for FMCGs
African oil palm expansion is not working as planned. Only five international companies dominate industrial oil palm production in Africa. Some of which have been linked to social and environmental impacts, violating their buyers’ NDPE commitments. Therefore, investors may see risk in African palm oil caused by stranded land and reputation risk.

February 2022

February 10, 2022
Brazilian soy exports to the European Union and the United Kingdom in 2021
This study gives an overview of all soy bean, oil and meal exports by Cargill, ADM, Bunge and Louis Dreyfus, from Brazil to the EU and the United Kingdom in 2021.
February 4, 2022
Financing of supermarkets and foodservice companies
This research analysed the financing of supermarkets and foodservice companies Gategroup, Toridoll, Ahold Delhaize, Makro, A&W, Cencosud, Groupe Casino and Walmart, which are all sourcing from meat suppliers with poor animal welfare practices.

January 2022

January 18, 2022
Transport of Brazilian soy to the Netherlands
Analysis of Brazilian soy shipment patterns to the Netherlands. It gives an overview of the origin, destinations, and frequency of large cargos.
January 13, 2022
The largest climate polluters in the Netherlands
After the victory in the Climate Case against Shell, Friends of the Earth Netherlands wants the other major polluters to take action now. On January 13, FoE Netherlands delivered an urgent letter to 29 major polluters, asking them to come up with their own climate plan before April 15. Profundo helped Milieudefensie to select the largest Dutch climate polluters on the basis of various criteria. These include foreign multinationals with large global GHG emissions, which have located their holding company in the Netherlands for fiscal reasons.

December 2021

December 29, 2021
Petrochemical expansion and chemical plastic recycling
This report examines expansion plans, chemical recycling projects, and links of the largest producers of petrochemicals used for the production of polluting plastic with Fast-Moving Consumer Goods companies. It also draws out some key companies involved in developing chemical recycling technologies and the partnerships developed with companies like Nestlé, Danone and Unilever.
December 9, 2021
Latin American palm oil linked to social risks and local deforestation
This report looks at the palm oil market developments and connected sustainability issues in Latin American countries. A production expansion is forecasted, with export markets in the Latin American region as well as in Europe as important drivers. However, also in Latin America, just as in Southeast Asia, palmoil production comes with land disputes and threatens valuable forest ecosystems.
December 7, 2021
Palm oil production in Brazilian Amazon threatens NDPE commitments
This paper shows that palm oil expansion in Brazil, similar to the expansion for soy and beef, is linked to deforestation, fires, exploitative labour conditions, and land disputes as well. The report also show many companies with NDPE policies (No Deforestation, Peat and Exploitation) have ties with palm oil traders linked to deforestation in the Amazon.
December 17, 2021
How to achieve a better income for smallholders?
In this research we developed and refined the evidence base on the function, design and impact potential of industry-led interventions that positively impact smallholder income. This evidence base will directly contribute to the Better Income learning agenda, IDH's Roadmap on Living Income and the Farmfit Intelligence Center.
December 8, 2021
Dutch financing of forest-risk sectors
Profundo and Milieudefensie investigated the financial flows between Dutch financial institutions and companies producing and trading high deforestation-risk commodities: palm oil, beef, pulp and paper, soy, rubber, cocoa and coffee. The Netherlands comes first among the EU member states in financing these commodities. Dutch banks ING, Rabobank and ABN Amro injected 3.1 billion euros in loans into these commodities between 2016 and 2021, two-thirds of which in palm oil and soy. At the end of 2020, pension funds, insurers and banks invested 362 million euros in shares and bonds issued by producers and traders of these commodities, three quarters of which in beef and palm oil.
December 1, 2021
Financiers and plantations of Swiss-based agricultural traders
This research identified the financial flows to the world’s largest agricultural commodity traders, which often have trading offices in Switzerland, as well as the plantations they own across the world. Many of these plantations are linked to social and environmental conflicts and controversies. But the Swiss government is not regulating the activities of these traders, not even indirectly as Swiss banks hardly play a role in the financing of these traders.
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