Agriculture and food

June 2021

June 23, 2021
The Sugarcane Value Chain in Latin America and Asia: Main Actors, Market Mechanisms, Labour Issues and Opportunities
This research project aims to inform the strategic development of the new CNV Internationaal programme and on developing lobby activities in its current programme in relation to the sugar sector, by identifying market dynamics, key actors, financiers, price setting, and social and environmental issues in a selection of producing countries. Geographically, the research focusses on five in Latin American countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Peru) and three countries in Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, and Vietnam).
June 22, 2021
FMCGs, Retail Earn 66% of Gross Profits in Palm Oil Value Chain
The palm oil value chain contains a number of stakeholder groups, such as smallholders, large plantations, refineries, the fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) industry, the oleochemical and pharmaceutical industry, and the retail and food service sector. In every step of the chain, palm oil is further processed or is embedded in products which contain other ingredients, like hazelnut pasta or shampoo. Transparency on the distribution of financial benefits producing and processing palm oil is crucial. Transparency could enable stakeholders' discussions on the fairness of costs and expenses related to ESG and zero-deforestation policies, the cost of re-forestation/restoration, monitoring, and verification.
June 22, 2021
Not in This Together: How supermarkets became pandemic winners while women workers are losing out
For this Oxfam report, Profundo analyzed key financial information for the 16 listed and privately owned supermarkets that are the focus of Oxfam's Behind the Barcodes/Prices campaign across the four consumer countries (Germany, the Netherlands, the UK and the US), with the objective of understanding how COVID-19 affected the financial performance and shareholder payouts of global supermarkets.

May 2021

May 21, 2021
Financing less meat and more plants: A case study on the crucial role Dutch banks can play in the protein transition
This report, commissioned by the Dutch Fair Bank Guide, investigates the role that banks can play in the transition towards a food system less dependent on animal protein and more based on plant-based and alternative sources of protein. It draws on the recent literature and expert interviews to identify key possibilities and barriers, as well as the steps that banks could take to advance the protein transition.
May 16, 2021
The role of the financial sector in making the food system more sustainable
In this project Profundo supported PBL to research the role of financial institutions in making the Dutch food system more sustainable.
May 10, 2021
Chinese banks financing deforestation-risk sectors
This report provides an overview of the financing of forest-risk companies engaged in six deforestation-risk commodities in three forest-rich regions by Chinese financial institutions as covered by Forests & Finance. It highlights the risks that the largest clients are still exposed to, and recommends concrete actions to mitigate those risks and improve corporate practice on the ground.
May 5, 2021
Labour rights in the Latin American palm oil sector
This project maps the palm oil supply chains in Latin America, with a particular focus on the countries where CNV Internationaal has established partnerships with trade union organisations and where there is leverage potential for improving the labour rights situation of workers in the palm oil sector and related global supply chains.
May 19, 2021
Swedish financial institutions involved in deforestation in the Amazon
This research identified the financial links between Swedish financial institutions and deforestation in the Amazon.
May 12, 2021
The role of Brazilian meatpackers in deforestation
This analysis supports Global Strategic Climate Communications’s digital and media campaign to influence the main meatpackers (JBS, Marfrig and Minerva) during Brazil’s summer fire season to adopt stronger policies to reduce forest destruction in the Amazon.
May 7, 2021
Oil Palm Expansion in Peninsular Malaysia Is Guided by Non-Transparency
Malaysia is the world’s second largest palm oil producer, after Indonesia. Peninsular Malaysia accounts for more than 12 percent of world production and produces approximately half of Malaysia’s palm oil. It also hosts a large number of forests rich in biodiversity and large carbon stock. How are Peninsular Malaysia’s forests protected from more deforestation for oil palm? What more can main corporate players in the palm oil supply chain do to stop deforestation? This report sheds a light on deforestation monitoring in Peninsular Malaysia.
May 4, 2021
Evaluation of the impact of Global Alliance for Inproved Nutrition (GAIN) on nutrition
The objective of this assignment was to ascertain whether the Global Alliance for Inproved Nutrition (GAIN) is uniquely equipped to support food chain actors in contributing to nutrition outcomes to justify for a direct grant by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

April 2021

April 29, 2021
Development aid funds for agroecology
For this project, commissioned by Both Ends, Profundo has investigated Dutch Official Development Aid (ODA) resources related to food and agriculture spent since 2010 and the extent to which they have been (or continue to be) supportive of agroecology. The report presents an overview of the Dutch ODA policies on agriculture and food security in the past decade and how these relate to agroecology, an in-depth assessment of the actual funding flows contributing to agroecological transformation, and key recommendations on how an agroecological transition could be stimulated more strongly through ODA incentives by the Dutch government.
April 12, 2021
Alternative Route for German Palm Oil Diesel 2022-2026
This report analyses the deforestation and GHG emission consequences of a German phasing-out of palm oil for biodiesel in 2022 versus a linear phasing out in 2022-2026.

March 2021

March 31, 2021
Key Cerrado Deforesters in 2020 Linked to the Clearing of More Than 110,000 Hectares
The Cerrado biome, a vast, biodiverse tropical savannah in Brazil, is under threat from commodity-driven deforestation. Soy expansion and cattle ranching are direct drivers of forest loss in the Cerrado. This report presents new data on specific actors linked to Cerrado deforestation in 2020, including the quantified risk exposure of the largest soy traders, meatpackers, and retailers. Financiers with forest policies are exposed to material risks in their portfolios.
March 17, 2021
International food supply chains of German retailers
The research looked at the origin of a selection of products sold on the German market, namely bananas and pineapple from Costa Rica, and grapes and wine from South Africa. It further aimed to identify suppliers of relevant products offered in the fresh produce sections of Aldi, Edeka, Lidl and Rewe or as private label wines.
March 21, 2021
Retailers selling Spanish strawberries and fruits
Profundo provided assistance primarily with the investigation of the supply chains involved in the distribution and sale of strawberries and soft fruits grown in Huelva, focusing on supply chains to Spain, the UK, Germany and the Netherlands.
March 12, 2021
Assets and Swiss financing of agricultural traders
This research identified selected assets of the world’s largest agricultural commodity traders with links to Switzerland, as well as the financial flows to these actors, again with links to Switzerland.
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